Author: Ryan

Morse Code Alphabet: The Ultimate Guide

The Morse code alphabet forever revolutionized the way in which we communicate with the world and slung us into the modern age as we know it.

It is the grandfather of the telephone, the internet, LOLs, and poop emojis.

The purpose of this guide is to teach you the entire Morse code alphabet in a simple and easy-to-remember way. 

We'll start off with a deep dive into each letter, how it sounds, and a visual mnemonic aid to help memorize it and keep it memorized! Then, at the bottom of this guide, there is a complete Morse code alphabet chart that you can save for a quick reference of all the Morse code letters.

Also, if you are new to Morse code and would like to learn more, be sure to check out our Morse Code Beginner's Guide!

Let's get to it and, once again, learn our ABCs!

Morse Code Alphabet

To start, the entire Morse code alphabet is made up of two symbols—dots and dashes.

  • Dots are represented by periods or circles and indicate a quick and rapid sound. It is represented by the sound "di or dit."
  • Dashes, on the other hand, are represented by longer symbols such as hyphens or short lines and indicate a slower sound. It is represented by the sound "dah."

morse code dot & dash chart

The timing of dashes is three times longer than dots. So for example, if your dot is 0.5 seconds long, then your dash will be 1.5 seconds long.

Check out the audio below to hear the difference between the "dot" and the "dash."

By joining these dots and dashes together in various combinations we can produce codes that represent different letters of the alphabet.

Morse Code Alphabet Mnemonics - Letter By Letter

One of the best ways to learn and remember Morse code letters is to use visual mnemonics. These aids are very powerful if you write out the letter on a piece of paper and practice speaking it with "dits" and "dah."

All of the memory aids below are from the Girl Guiding Handbook published in 1918.

Other Morse Code Guides You Might Enjoy!


Morse Code Alphabet Chart

Who would have thought you would be learning your ABCs one more time?

But, now that we've covered all the letters, let's look at them side by side with the chart below. Also if you would like to test out these letters for yourself, consider working through our downloadable PDF Morse code worksheet!

If you would like to download this traceable Morse code alphabet chart, you can find a high-resolution copy here.

Happy Dabbling!

morse code alphabet tracing chart

Morse Code For "A" is • ─ and makes the sound "dit dah."

morse code letter a

Click play below to listen to A in Morse code.


Morse Code For "B" is ─ • • • and makes the sound "dah dit dit dit."

morse code letter b

Click play below to listen to B in Morse code.


Morse Code For "C" is ─ • ─ • and makes the sound "dah dit dah dit."

morse code letter c

Click play below to listen to C in Morse code.


Morse Code For "D" is ─ • • and makes the sound "dah dit dit."

morse code letter d

Click play below to listen to D in Morse code.


Morse Code For "E" is • and makes the sound "dit."

morse code letter e

Click play below to listen to E in Morse code.


Morse Code For "F" is • • ─ • and makes the sound "dit dit dah dit."

morse code letter f

Click play below to listen to F in Morse code.


Morse Code For "G" is ─ ─ • and makes the sound "dah dah dit."

morse code letter g

Click play below to listen to G in Morse code.


Morse Code For "H" is • • • • and makes the sound "dit dit dit dit."

morse code letter h

Click play below to listen to H in Morse code.


Morse Code For "I" is • • and makes the sound "dit dit."

morse code letter i

Click play below to listen to I in Morse code.


Morse Code For "J" is • ─ ─ ─ and makes the sound "dit dah dah dah."

morse code letter j

Click play below to listen to J in Morse code.


Morse Code For "K" is ─ • ─ and makes the sound "dah dit dah."

morse code letter k

Click play below to listen to K in Morse code.


Morse Code For "L" is • ─ • • and makes the sound "dit dah dit dit."

morse code letter l

Click play below to listen to L in Morse code.


Morse Code For "M" is ─ ─ and makes the sound "dah dah ."

morse code letter m

Click play below to listen to M in Morse code.


Morse Code For "N" is ─ • and makes the sound "dah dit."

morse code letter n

Click play below to listen to N in Morse code.


Morse Code For "O" is ─ ─ ─ and makes the sound "dah dah dah."

morse code letter o

Click play below to listen to O in Morse code.


Morse Code For "P" is • ─ ─ • and makes the sound "dit dah dah dit."

morse code letter p

Click play below to listen to P in Morse code.


Morse Code For "Q" is ─ ─ • ─ and makes the sound "dah dah dit dah ."

morse code letter q

Click play below to listen to Q in Morse code.


Morse Code For "R" is • ─ • and makes the sound "dit dah dit."

morse code letter r

Click play below to listen to R in Morse code.


Morse Code For "S" is • • • and makes the sound "dit dit dit."

morse code letter s

Click play below to listen to S in Morse code.


Morse Code For "T" is ─ and makes the sound "dah."

morse code letter t

Click play below to listen to T in Morse code.


Morse Code For "U" is • • ─ and makes the sound "dit dit dah ."

morse code letter u

Click play below to listen to U in Morse code.


Morse Code For "V" is • • • ─ and makes the sound "dit dit dit dah ."

morse code letter v

Click play below to listen to V in Morse code.


Morse Code For "W" is • ─ ─ and makes the sound "dit dah dah ."

morse code letter w

Click play below to listen to W in Morse code.


Morse Code For "X" is ─ • • ─ and makes the sound "dah dit dit dah ."

morse code letter x

Click play below to listen to X in Morse code.


Morse Code For "Y" is ─ • ─ ─ and makes the sound "dah dit dah dah."

morse code letter y

Click play below to listen to Y in Morse code.


Morse Code For "Z" is ─ ─ • • and makes the sound "dah dah dit dit."

morse code letter z

Click play below to listen to Z in Morse code.


Morse Code and Phonetic Alphabet

LETTERMORSESPOKEN MORSENATO PHONETICPRONUNCIATIONINTERNATIONALAMERICANGERMANENGLISHITALIAN
A• ─Di-dahAlfaAL-FAHAmsterdamAbleAntonAndrewAncona
B─ • • • Dah-di-di-ditBravoBRAH-VOHBaltimoreBakerBertaBenjaminBologna
C─ • ─ •Dah-di-dah-ditCharlieCHAR-LEECasablancaCharlieCasarCharlieComo
D─ • •Dah-di-ditDeltaDELL-TAHDenmarkDogDoraDavidDomodossola
EDitEchoECK-OHEdisionEasyEmilEdwardEmpoli
F• • ─ •Di-di-dah-ditFoxtrotFOKS-TROTFloridaFoxFreidrichFredrickFirenze
G─ ─ •Dah-dah-ditGolfGOLFGallipoliGeorgeGustavGeorgeGenova
H• • • • Di-di-di-ditHotelHOH-TELHavanaHowHeinrichHarryHotel
I• •Di-ditIndiaIN-DEE-AHItalyItemIdaIsaacImola
J• ─ ─ ─Di-dah-dah-dahJuliettJEW-LEE-ETTJerusalemJigJuliusJackI lunga
K─ • ─Dah-di-dahKiloKEY-LOHKilogramKingKaufmannKingKursaal
L• ─ • •Di-dah-di-ditLimaLEE-MAHLiverpoolLoveLudwigLucyLivorno
M─ ─Dah-dahMikeMIKEMadagascarMikeMarthaMaryMilano
N─ •Dah-ditNovemberNOV-EM-BERNew YorkNanNordpolNelliNapoli
O─ ─ ─Dah-dah-dahOscarOSS-CAHOsloOboeOttoOliverOrtanto
P• ─ ─ •Di-dah-dah-ditPapaPAH-PAHParisPeterPaulaPeterPadova
Q─ ─ • ─Dah-dah-di-dahQuebecKEH-BECKQuebecQueenQuelleQueenieQuarto
R• ─ •Di-dah-ditRomeoROW-ME-OHRomaRogerRichardRobertRoma
S• • •Di-di-ditSierraSEE-AIR-RAHSantiagoSugarSamuelSugarSavona
TDahTangoTANG-GOTripoliTareTheodorTommyTorino
U• • ─Di-di-dahUniformYOU-NEE-FORMUppsalaUncleUlrichUncleUdine
V• • • ─Di-di-di-dahVictorVIK-TAHValenciaVictorViktorVictorVenezia
W• ─ ─Di-dah-dahWhiskeyWISS-KEYWashingtonWilliamWilhelmWilliamWashington
X─ • • ─Dah-di-di-dahX-rayECKS-RAYXanthippeX-rayXanthippeX-masIcs
Y─ • ─ ─Dah-di-dah-dahYankeeYANG-KEYYokohamaYokeYpsilonYellowYork
Z─ ─ • •Dah-dah-di-ditZuluZOO-LOOZurichZebraZeppelinZebraZara

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